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Cyclone Nisarga

Cyclone Nisarga Explained: How Storm Is Set To Hit Maharashtra, Gujarat

Cyclone Nisarga
(Photo credit: CNBCTV18)

Less than two weeks after a powerful cyclone passed through West Bengal on its way to Bangladesh, India is bracing to face another cyclone, this time on its western coast. The deep depression in the Arabian Sea intensified into a cyclonic storm, which has been officially named as Cyclone Nisarga by the India Meteorological Department (IMD), around 12 pm on Tuesday.

After Cyclone Amphan wreaked havoc in West Bengal, Cyclone Nisarga is heading towards the coastline of Maharashtra and Gujarat. It is believed that Cyclone Nisarga is the first cyclone since 1891 that may hit Maharashtra coast during June.

With an increasing number of coronavirus cases, Maharashtra being the epicentre of the virus, now has to face another challenge of Cyclone Nisarga. As Maharashtra struggles to contain the virus, about 1,000 patients with suspected Covid-19 were evacuated from a field hospital on Tuesday and taken to other facilities. Thousands of people living in flimsy or makeshift homes along the low-lying coast have been evacuated, according to a statement from the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs.

How Cyclone Nisarga Got Its name?

Nisarga, which is currently brewing in the Arabian Sea, means nature and was named by Bangladesh. The name was accorded in a list formulated by a group of countries.

Tropical cyclones are named to help the scientific community and disaster managers to identify cyclones, create awareness, and effectively disseminate warnings to wider audiences. The naming of cyclones in the Indian Ocean began in 2000 and the formula was agreed in 2004.

Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) released a list of cyclone names in April 2020 as suggested by the 13 countries. The names like Arnab, Nisarga, Aag, Vyom, Azar, Prabhanjan, Tej, Gati, Lulu among 160 other names were listed. The next few cyclones will be named Gati (named by India), Nivar (Iran), Burevi (Maldives), Tauktae (Myanmar) and Yaas (Oman).

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Where Is Cyclone Nisarga Heading?

According to the IMD, Cyclone Nisarga made landfall at around 1 PM with wind speeds of up to 110 kph (68 mph). The cyclone, which formed in the Arabian sea on Tuesday morning, hit Alibag town, south of Mumbai. Cyclone Nisarga, which intensified into a severe cyclonic storm in the Arabian Sea, is making landfall along India’s western coast, forcing a high alert in the financial hub of Mumbai and evacuation of tens of thousands of people.

It is headed towards the coastline of North Maharashtra and South Gujarat. The states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, and the Union Territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu along India’s west coast are likely to be the most impacted by the storm. The biggest threat will come from intense rainfall that could lead to deadly flooding in and around Mumbai and surrounding areas of Maharashtra and Gujarat.

According to the forecast and intensity table issued by IMD, the cyclone is moving upward towards India with respect to date and time. While the movement of Nisarga is towards north it is also moving towards east of India, if seen longitudinally.

Nisarga entering in India
(Photo credit: Railpost.in)

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Here’s What IMD Said

IMD has issued a yellow message regarding Depression over East-central Arabian Sea creating a cyclonic alert for North Maharashtra and South Gujarat coasts. According to the four colour codes used by IMD, yellow message indicated severely bad weather spanning for several days. It also suggests that weather could change for the worst, causing disruption in day-to-day activities.

Rare To Hit Maharashtra:

Cyclones often skirt densely populated Mumbai, though every year lives of millions of people in Mumbai come to a halt because of the rains in the monsoon season. But the city has rarely faced the brunt of cyclones, the last severe storm to hit the city struck in 1948, killing 12 people and injuring more than 100.

Nisarga is the second cyclone to strike India in a little less than two weeks. On May 21, Cyclone Amphan battered the country’s eastern coast including Kolkata, and neighbouring Bangladesh, killing more than 100 people and leaving a trail of destruction.

“Only two cyclones, in 1948 and 1980, have come close but never turned into a tropical cyclone during June,” indicates records. Cyclones are rare into Maharashtra because tropical cyclones move from east to west. The storms that form during the onset of monsoon over the Arabian Sea usually move towards Oman in the Persian Gulf.

Cyclone Phyan in November 2009 (not in June) had last impacted districts in Maharashtra and recorded heavy rains. Last year Vayu has skirted the Gujarat coast, when it re-curved and later weakened.

IMD Warning For Cyclone Nisarga

With the formation of two cyclones- Amphan in Bay of Bengal and Nisarga in Arabian Sea- within two weeks of each other, scientists warn about the possibility of more pre-monsoon cyclonic storms in coming years due to warmer ocean temperatures. займ под залог казаньзайм онлаймбыстрый займ под низкий процент взять займ быстро деньгизайм тверьонлайн займ контакт

Mahima Joshi

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